TOEFL exam which stands for Test of English as a Foreign Language is an international level standardized test which measures and evaluates the English language ability of non-native speakers who are interested to enroll in English-speaking universities. TOEFL is one of the two major English-language tests in the world, the other being the IELTS. TOEFL acts as the trademark of the Educational Testing Service (ETS), a private non-profit organization, which designs and administers the tests.
TOEFL Exam Eligibility
There are no standard set criteria for eligibility criteria that a candidate has to fulfill in order to sit for TOEFL Test 2019. However the general criteria guidelines say that the candidate who has passed passed his/hers high school or equivalent can sit for the exam.
TOEFL Exam Pattern
TOEFL 2019 test comprises of two modes of test where one is Computer Based Test and another is Paper Based Test. TOEFL 2019 syllabus covers four sections namely, listening, reading, speaking and writing. The total duration of the test is four and a half hours. During the TOEFL 2019, candidates might be asked to perform tasks that combine more than one skill, such as:
- a) Read, listen and then speak in response to a question
- b) Listen and then speak in response to a question
- c) Read, listen and then write in response to a question. You can download TOEFL sample paper here.
The Reading section comprises of questions on 3-5 passages, each approximately 700 words in length. The passages are on academic topics; they are the kind of material that might be found in an undergraduate university textbook. New types of questions in the TOEFL iBT test require filling out tables or completing summaries. Prior knowledge of the subject under discussion is not necessary to come to the correct answer.
The Listening section comprises of questions on six passages, each 3–5 minutes in length. These passages involve two student conversations and four academic lectures or discussions. The conversations include a student and either a professor or a campus service provider. The lectures are a self-contained portion of an academic lecture, which may involve student participation and does not assume specialized background knowledge in the subject area. Each conversation and lecture passage is heard only once. Each conversation is associated with five questions and each lecture with six.
The Speaking section comprises of six tasks: two independent and four integrated. In the two independent tasks, test-takers answer opinion questions on familiar topics. They are evaluated on their ability to speak spontaneously and convey their ideas clearly and coherently. In two of the integrated tasks, test-takers read a short passage, listen to an academic course lecture or a conversation about campus life and answer a question by combining appropriate information from the text and the talk. In the two remaining integrated tasks, test-takers listen to an academic course lecture or a conversation about campus life and then respond to a question about what they heard. The responses are digitally recorded, sent to ETS’s Online Scoring Network (OSN), and evaluated by three to six raters.
The Writing section measures a test taker’s ability to write in an academic setting and consists of two tasks: one integrated and one independent. In the integrated task, test-takers read a passage on an academic topic and then listen to a speaker discuss it. The test-taker then writes a summary about the important points in the listening passage and explains how these relate to the key points of the reading passage. In the independent task, the test-taker must write an essay that states their opinion or choice, and then explain it, rather than simply listing personal preferences or choices. Responses are sent to the ETS OSN and evaluated by at least 3 different raters.
Format of the exam
|Task||Description||Approximate time||Form of task|
|Reading||3–5 passages, each containing 12–14 questions||60–80 minutes||Read 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and answer questions.|
|Listening||6–9 passages, each containing 5–6 questions||60–90 minutes||Listen to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, answer questions.|
|Break||Mandatory break||10 minutes|
|Speaking||6 tasks||20 minutes||Express an opinion on a familiar topic; speak based on reading and listening tasks.|
|Writing||2 tasks||50 minutes||Write essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; support an opinion in writing.|
TOEFL Exam 2018-19 iBT Test
- The TOEFL iBT test is scored on a scale of 0 to 120 points.
- Each of the four sections (Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing) receives a scaled score from 0 to 30. The scaled scores from the four sections are added together to determine the total score.
- The reading and listening sections are tested first, followed by a ten-minute break. The speaking and writing sections are then completed following the break. A maximum amount of 250 minutes is allowed to complete the whole exam process.
- Each speaking question is initially given a score of 0 to 4, and each writing question is initially given a score of 0 to 5. These scores are converted to scaled scores of 0 to 30.
Toefl paper based test is available only at limited test centers and the four sections are the same as internet based test. The scoring pattern is listed below:
- The final PBT score ranges between 310 and 677 and is based on three subscores: Listening (31–68), Structure (31–68), and Reading (31–67). Unlike the CBT, the score of the Writing component (referred to as the Test of Written English, TWE) is not part of the final score; instead, it is reported separately on a scale of 0–6.
- The score test takers receive on the Listening, Structure and Reading parts of the TOEFL test is not the percentage of correct answers. The score is converted to take into account the fact that some tests are more difficult than others. The converted scores correct these differences. Therefore, the converted score is a more accurate reflection of the ability than the raw score is.
NOTE: The minimum TOEFL iBT scores range from 61 (Bowling Green State University) to 111 (University of Oxford).
TOEFL Exam 2019 Registration
Candidates wishing to sit for TOEFL 2019 are required to register themselves. There are four ways through which registration for TOEFL 2019 can be done. They are: Online, by mail, by phone and in person at the TOEFL test registration 2019 centre. However it is important to note that online registration closes 7 days before the test is conducted.
- Register here – https://www.ets.org/toefl
TOEFL Exam 2019 Fees
The fee for the exam will vary as per different countries. Penalty will be imposed in cases of late fee, rescheduling and score review per section. Candidates can find the TOEFL 2019 fees in the table below.
TOEFL Exam Dates 2019
TOEFL test 2019 is conducted more than 50 times a year at 4500 test centers in 165 countries worldwide. Hence the date varies depending upon the place. However TOEFL 2019 is usually taken on Saturdays and Sundays.
TOEFL exam 2018 Result
The TOEFL test results are declared after two weeks of the exam. The TOEFL 2019 score is valid up to two years and can be retaken as many times as candidates want.
TOEFL Exam 2018-19 Score Ranges
|Listening Section||0–30||High (22–30)
|Speaking Section||0–30||Good (26–30)
|Reading Section||0–30||High (22–30)
|Writing Section||0–30||Good (24–30)
|Total TOEFL Scores||0–120|
Sending TOEFL Scores
TOEFL scores can be sent through the following four ways:
- Order Online
- Order by Fax
- Order by Mail
Candidates may also add recipients to their online account and ETS will send up to 4 result cards to the designated recipients. The result card recipients can be deleted or added through the account until 10 pm on the day before the test date. The official score card is sent to the recipients after 13 days of taking the TOEFL exam.